If you drink milk, you have diarrhea. Is it infant lactose intolerance? Drinking milk and diarrhea, in addition to what we often say lactose intolerance, may also be caused by milk protein allergy. Because the symptoms of the two are very similar, there will be diarrhea, stomach pain, or flatulence, snoring and other symptoms. Therefore, most people are confused about whether they are lactose intolerance or milk protein allergy.
The mechanism of the two is completely different. Lactose intolerance is due to the lack of an enzyme called lactase in the body, and lactose in milk such as breast milk or milk. Because some people lack lactase, they cannot be completely Digestion breaks down the lactose in milk.
Lactose intolerance is divided into four types according to the cause: primary (adult) lactose intolerance, secondary lactose intolerance, congenital lactase deficiency, and developmental lactose intolerance. Secondary lactose intolerance refers to intestinal epithelial damage caused by various reasons, lactase activity temporarily decreased, mostly occurred in infectious diarrhea, inflammatory bowel disease, surgery and drug damage after intestinal mucosa, most corrected with the primary disease has relief.
Allergy to milk protein is a food allergy, food allergy is food allergic reaction, is an abnormal immune response of the immune system to a specific food, the immune system will produce a specific immunoglobulin for this food. When such a specific immunoglobulin is combined with food, many chemical substances are released, causing allergic symptoms, and severe cases may even cause anaphylactic shock. Food allergies can occur on any food. Some people with severe food allergies may even cause an allergic reaction by eating 1/2 peanuts or milk on the skin.
What should we do with milk protein allergy?
Our strategy for treating food allergies has gone through several stages. Around 2000, the promotion of allergic foods for infants and young children must be resolutely avoided. After about 10 years, the study found that avoiding allergic foods does not reduce the incidence of allergic diseases. In 2008, the American Pediatric Association and the European Digestive Association no longer advocated foods that evade allergies. In recent years, studies have suggested that active contact with food may improve food tolerance. Early exposure may be a good way to reduce the incidence of allergic diseases.
Not tolerant of lactose. Congenital lactase deficiency should require fasting lactose for life. But for secondary lactose intolerance, we must first find the primary disease, and then treat the primary disease. Those with malnutrition correct malnutrition, correct water, and electrolyte disorders in time, and avoid abuse of antibiotics. The main treatment methods include diet therapy, lactase supplementation, and probiotic supplementation.
When the symptoms for lactose intolerance in babies , eating lactose-containing food for 30 minutes to 2 hours, there will be manifestations of the small bowel, abdominal pain, bloating, belching and diarrhea, of which diarrhea is the most obvious. symptom. Diarrhea caused by lactose intolerance has certain characteristics: daily diarrhea several times to more than 10 times, the stool is mostly yellow or blue-green, or egg-flower soup, foam, and milk. Because most of the children have more intestinal gas, they will have more fat, and often bring a small number of feces on the diaper, often a bowel movement. A simple summary is that, when you smell, the stool has a sour smell, two listen, bowel, and fart, three looks, the stool has a milk flap, and the water separates. If the above 1 to 2 items are met, they are mild, and 3 items are all in line, which is moderate.
How is lactose intolerance treated?
For children with mild symptoms, mothers can take a small number of ways to feed the baby, no more than 50 ml at a time. Drinking a few times a day can still reach the amount of milk your baby needs. For more serious symptoms, parents can add lactase to their baby before drinking or during breastfeeding diet , or switch to low-lactose or lactose-free “diarrhea formula” to relieve the symptoms of diarrhea in babies. Under normal circumstances, after 1~3 weeks, the lactase in the baby's intestine will gradually increase, and the symptoms of diarrhea caused by lactose intolerance will naturally disappear.